Economic analysis of cross-breeding programmes in sub-Saharan Africa

a conceptual framework and Kenyan case study

Publisher: University of Nairobi, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Publisher: International Livestock Research Institute, Publisher: Southern Africa Centre for Co-operation in Agricultural Research and Training in Nairobi, Kenya, Gaborone, Botswana

Written in English
Published: Pages: 46 Downloads: 573
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Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 40-41).

StatementJ.T. Karugia ... [et al.].
SeriesAnimal genetic resources research ;, 2
ContributionsKarugia, J. T., University of Nairobi. College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. , International Livestock Research Institute., Southern African Centre for Co-operation in Agricultural Research and Training.
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 46 p. :
Number of Pages46
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3445233M
ISBN 109291460974
LC Control Number2005327119

  Mixed crop-livestock systems, in which crops and livestock are raised on the same farm, are the backbone of smallholder production in the developing countries of the tropics (Herrero et al. ).It is estimated that they cover billion hectares of land globally, of which billion hectares are rainfed arable lands, billion hectares are irrigated croplands, and Cited by: 3. The Rice Compact of the African Development Bank-funded project on Technologies for African Agricultural Transformation (TAAT) is paving the way for rice transformation in sub-Saharan Africa by promoting locally-adapted high-yielding hybrid rice varieties developed by the Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice). In sub-Saharan Africa, a record million people had access to treatment. China has increased the number of people on HIV treatment by nearly 50% in the last year alone. There were more than half a million fewer deaths in than in political, climatic and economic dynamics contribute to reshape the livelihoods of pastoral communities from Sub-Saharan Africa to Central Asia. Market integration of pastoral livelihoods and globalisation of their economies represent important development options, but they also entail risk. The case of Somalia is particularly.

Full text of "Village chicken production systems in rural Africa: household food security and gender issues" See other formats. Book Reviews Book Reviews Although India has experienced a significant increase in its foodgrain production during the last twenty years, the countryâ s agriculture continues to be dependent on rainfall and shows sharp year-to-year fluctuations in output. The purpose of this book is to examine the different aspects of the problem of instability in Indian . IK Notes reports periodically on indigenous knowledge (IK) initiatives in Sub-Saharan Africa and occasionally on such initiatives outside the Region. It is published by the Africa Region’s Knowledge and Learning Group as part of an evolving IK partnership between the World Bank, communities, NGOs, development institutions, and multilateral. 'The Future Control of Food makes an invaluable and much-needed contribution to understanding the international state of play regarding food access, food development and intellectual property laws. The book will be useful not only to intellectual property and trade negotiators, but also to bankers, farmers, food service providers, environmental.

economic surplus that is appropriated by a ruling class and in the context of the Sharma, A. “Cross-breeding Institutions, Breeding Struggle: Women’s Empowerment, Neoliberal Governmentality and State (Re)formation in India”. In some societies of sub-Saharan Africa, Arab, Malaysia, Indonesia, 80 millions girls and women. Seed Systems, Science and Policy in East and Central Africa 4 Introduction For more than million people in sub-Saharan Africa, banana (banana and plantain, Musa spp.) is a staple food crop and a source of income. They focused on cross-breeding with the zebu cattle. In , following an executive order, there was an improvement in. However, because much of theinformation available for the species is derived from researchconducted in sub-Saharan Africa, we have summarized the in-formation available on the golden jackal in this t Status of Species and Diller (); Kingdon (); Smithers (); and Stuart ().The overall status ofcanids in sub-Saharan. Study Sociology CLEP Multiple Choice flashcards from Luccas E. on StudyBlue. they are produced by techniques of cross-breeding b) they are capable of drastically improving agricultural yields Sub-Saharan Africa c) South Asia d) industrialized countries.

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Economic analysis of cross-breeding programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: A conceptual framework and Kenyan case study Economic analysis of cross-breeding programmes in sub-Saharan Africa book Authors. Karugia, Joseph. Indigenous Breeds of Cattle, their Productivity, Economic and Cultural Values in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review Kubkomawa, H.

Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria [email protected] by: 2. Irrigated mixed farming is rare in sub-Saharan Africa but can be observed in the Sudan, southern Africa and Ethiopia (Peden et al.

Small-holder dairy producers in Kenya however have Author: Solomon Beyene. Agricultural exports from sub-Saharan Africa are expected to reach US$20 billion by up from US$11 billion in [13] Unfortunately, there are a variety of constraints that prevent the poorest farmers from accessing these markets.

Prices can be volatile and the transmission of prices from international markets to the farm gate is poor. Merits of power sector renewable energy integration planning Meeting the energy demand for sustainable development.

Power generation using RESs has strong links with sustainable development in society. When making decisions on the methods of exploiting available energy resources, planners are compelled to cater for human by: Practical crossbreeding for improved livelihoods in developing countries: The FARM Africa goat project ☆ Article in Livestock Science (1).

Genetic improvement programmes aimed at improving the livestock resource base. Options include within-breed selection of adapted indigenous breeds, substitution with exotic breeds or cross-breeding. The choice largely depends on the production system, its objectives and the resources at its disposal.

1. Introduction. Livestock systems occupy about 30 per cent of the planet's ice-free terrestrial surface area (Steinfeld et al.

) and are a significant global asset with a value of at least $ livestock sector is increasingly organized in long market chains that employ at least billion people globally and directly support the livelihoods of million Cited by: In Africa there is an estimated 1 extension worker per 4, farmers, compared with 1 per hundred farmers in developed countries.

[8] This ratio falls far below the Food and Agriculture Organization recommendation of 1 officer for every proportion of agriculture budgets allocated to extension services varies from country to country, for example, from 5%. Agricultural extension programmes have been one of the main conduits of addressing rural poverty and food insecurity.

This is because, it has the means to transfer technology, support rural adult learning, assist farmers in problem-solving and getting farmers actively involved in the agricultural knowledge and information system [].Extension is defined Cited by: 2.

The outcome for these was a large proportion of failures, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (World Bank, passim). In the words of the Bank's own, commendably self-critical evaluation: ‘the Bank apparently lost sight of the reality that the cost of failures, in what were identified from the outset as risky experiments, would be born by the.

In sub-Saharan Africa, where over 90 percent of livestock keepers are smallholders and with 75 percent of the farm animals consisting mainly of indigenous breeds, indigenous cattle breeds such as Nguni, Mashona, Tswana and Tuli are critical components of smallholder beef production, particularly in southern Africa.

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is endemic in Nepal and causes substantial economic losses in the livestock industry. The goal of this study was to perform an epidemiological analysis of FMD outbreaks reported to the Veterinary Epidemiology Center, Tripureshwor, Nepal during –, in order to strengthen the National FMD Control Author: Ganesh Adhikari, Krishna P.

Acharya, Mukul Upadhyay, Rabin Raut, Krishna Kaphle, Tanka Khanal, Miran. Abstract. The small-scale farming subsector is now seen as a critical player in the rural development drive and sustainable inclusive rural economic growth.

This has found expression in the AgendaZero Hunger Challenge and the Author: Mike Muzekenyi, Jethro Zuwarimwe, Kilonzo Beata. Sahel Region of Africa. The Sahel Region of Africa is "a belt up to 1, km ( miles) wide that spans the 5, km in Africa from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.

In the African context stalk borer is a major pest of maize causing economic losses in most of sub-Saharan Africa. Since significant work has not yet been conducted in Zimbabwe at present it may only be speculated that 10% more harvestable yield may result from the application of BT on smallholder farms.

Demand for wheat has been growing rapidly – by around 45 percent between – said Nicole Mason from Michigan State University (MSU) and the lead author of a new joint study by MSU and CIMMYT examining wheat consumption in sub-Saharan Africa.

“The demand for wheat is growing at a faster pace than rice, and it has been filling the cereal deficit in Africa for some.

Background. There are two branching hypotheses on the origin of the human species. The most widely accepted is the “out of Africa” (OOA) theory, which holds that archaic Homo sapiens evolved into anatomically modern humans solely in Africa betweenyears ago [].This hypothesis further proposes that members of one branch of H.

Cited by: 4. Plant breeding is a method for the creation, selection, and fixation of superior plant phenotypes in the development of improved crop varieties which fulfills the need of farmers and consumers.

Primary goals of plant breeding with agricultural crops have aim to improve yields, nutritional qualities, and other traits of profitable value. In E. Africa 70 % of milk is produced by smallholders, but productivity remains low hence need for increased efficiency.

36 Production gap and opportunities include maximum (dark coloured) and minimum (light coloured) levels of milk production for different genotypes of cattle in Sub-Saharan Africa and diverse genetics and systems.

NRC (National Research Council) Emerging technologies to benefit farmers in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Washington, DC: National Academies Press [Google Scholar] Otte J., Upton M. Poverty and livestock agriculture.

WAAP Book of the Year– The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers [Google Scholar]. cross-breeding with imported stock, often without significant gains in productivity or other desirable characteristics.

In India, for example, the government has supported cross-breeding with Holstein-Friesian, Danish Red, Jersey, and Brown Swiss. Five countries (Ethiopia, DRC, Tanzania, Sudan and Kenya), only one of which lies outside this region, are home to over half the undernourished people living in Sub.

Reproductive Performance and Breeding Strategies for Genetic Improvement of Goat in Ethiopia: A Review * 1 Zewdie B.

and 2 Welday K. 1 Department of Animal Sciences, Assosa University, Ethiopia. 2 Department of Animal and Range Sciences, Jijiga University, Ethiopia, Email: [email protected] Mob. + Yet a staggering million people around the world still suffer from undernourishment, 98 per cent of whom live in developing countries.

[1] Sub-Saharan Africa has the largest concentration of food insecurity of any region, while South Asia has the highest overall number of hungry people, currently an estimated million (See figures 1 and 2).

In Sub-Saharan Africa smallholder livestock keeping contributes 38% of the total GDP, excluding subsistence economy, usage of draught power as well as manure. It contributes about of the total GDP in Tanzania (URT, ). This banner text can have markup.

web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Botswana is a member of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), an economic grouping free of tariffs. It is also a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and serves as the headquarters of the regional organisation that has a market of million people.

Goats have a key role in ensuring food security and economic livelihood to smallholder farmers in rural areas. Women play a vital role in goat rearing, promoting economic autonomy within households. Indigenous goats dominate and are of high significance due to their adaptive traits that are relevant for climate change and low maintenance.

However, lack of emphasis on Author: Phetogo Monau, Kethusegile Raphaka, Plaxedis Zvinorova-Chimboza, Timothy Gondwe. In Sub-Saharan Africa, several new governments are pursuing more investment-friendly policies.

Angola, Ethiopia, Ghana A RESPONSIBLE INVESTOR and South Africa are typical examples. At. Economic history, M. M. Postan maintained, was produced, like the mule, by cross-breeding between economics and history, though he felt [*] Unpublished.

This article was commissioned by an economic encyclopedia but rejected on the ground that the editors wanted an entry focused on the role of economic theory in economic history.Simultaneously the gene pool of the breed became diluted in the communal sector through cross breeding and replacement with exotic breeds.

This was due to the perception that the Nguni was inferior compared to the larger exotics, despite the fact that it was a low maintenance breed ideally suited to the low input farm systems of the communal. Free Online Library: Conservation of indigenous cattle genetic resources in Southern Africa's smallholder areas: turning threats into opportunities--a review.(Report) by "Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences"; Agricultural industry Biological sciences Animal genetics Beef cattle Genetic aspects Protection and preservation Beef industry International economic .